Connect with us

Culture

Resurrected mummies and ancient cities: The problem with AI-generated images | Science & Tech

Recent tweets of images depicting “reconstructions of historical figures,” such as the face of a Guanche mummy generated by an artificial intelligence (AI) application, have stirred up a new controversy. So much so that the tweeter reposted the image with a caveat that it was an “unreliable” reconstruction. He had used Midjourney, one of the AI applications that can create images from text prompts. Archaeologists and historians raised a red flag, warning of the risks to cultural heritage posed by these AI-generated images, including historical fakes, shortcutting the scientific process, stereotype reinforcement and copyright disputes.

Pablo Aparicio is cofounder of 3D Stoa, a company that creates virtual reconstructions of cultural heritage. He says their work combines historical knowledge and anthropology with various documentation techniques to accurately reconstruct architectural assets, artwork and archaeological sites. A single project can take several months of effort by multiple people.

For example, Aparicio says the first step to reconstructing a castle is a laser scan or digital photogrammetry of the ruins. Using this “perfect geometric foundation,” the architectural projection of the castle is built up using computer programs like Blender and other 3D-rendering software. “We develop hypotheses with architects and archaeologists who guide us through every step. We show them interim results, and they tell us whether the walls should be higher or lower, whether it should look different and where a roof is needed. They give us the details we need to move forward,” said Aparicio. “It’s a very precise job, and we always incorporate the changes requested by the experts who commissioned the work.”

Aparicio says the first problem of reconstructions made with generative AI is the lack of precision. “No matter how good or well-written your prompt [command] to design a certain type of castle, it’s impossible to give it [the application] all the details needed to make it a precise rendering.” The AI-generated images are often eye-catching and work very well on social media. Despite the pretty picture, it’s a false representation with enough verisimilitude to cause confusion. “They deliver an image that looks real or could be real. And therein lies the biggest problem. It promotes unscientific historical fakes on social media that appear real or true,” said Aparicio.

The blender effect

The very nature of generative AI technology is the root cause of the problem. These applications train on unknown data sets and work like a blender to produce a puree of everything available online. “Artificial intelligence pulls from the most widely available sources, so the image it produces of the Roman Colosseum will not be a complete reconstruction of what it looked like in antiquity, but rather the arena in ruins, as it is today. This is totally wrong,” said Aparicio.

Facial reconstruction of a woman from the Canary Islands developed by the 3D Stoa company.
Facial reconstruction of a woman from the Canary Islands developed by the 3D Stoa company.PAR

Alberto Venegas, a professor of history at the University of Murcia (Spain), says that since the primary function of these tools is recombination, they reaffirm stereotypes and perpetuate erroneous ideas about the past. “The images are not even remotely similar to the past. They are a massive combination of every image found, regardless of source, purpose or creator. It perpetuates common myths and images that we are used to seeing in the media,” he said.

For example, Venegas cites the “impressive representation” of Paris during the French Revolution from the perspective of a GoPro camera that circulated widely on social media. Any historian would see that the Paris in those images is not from the revolutionary period, says Venegas, but from a mix of the French Second Empire and Third Republic periods. However, in the collective imagination are Parisian elements like slate roofs, chimneys, large doorways, stone buildings and grand avenues. “Paris in the 18th century was not like that. That came later after several city renovation projects. Similarly, the image depicts the modern French flag, not the one used at the time.”

“The AI program has assembled every plausible element that makes us think of the French Revolution because we’ve seen it on television, in video games and in movies. I call it media history and aesthetic memory because it evokes an inaccurate image of that time,” said Venegas.

Could AI be used to reconstruct a plausible image of cultural heritage? Venegas thinks so. “If you feed the right data to the program, it could come close to the reconstructions that experts do,” he said. The professor recalled the “The Next Rembrandt” project by Dutch designer Bas Korsten with the Delft University of Technology (Netherlands) and the Rembrandthuis Museum. The project collected 170,000 images of the Dutch painter Rembrandt’s work and used this database to generate a near-perfect work of art replicating the artist’s distinctive style and brushstroke.

Intelligent reconstruction also raises copyright issues since it appropriates the work of thousands of photographers, illustrators, designers and artists. These tools remain unregulated while the debate about plagiarism and copyright infringement rages.

Although Venegas and Aparicio are critical of using these tools for a complete reconstruction of cultural heritage, they agree that they are helpful for small parts of the traditional process, such as choosing surface textures and other finishes. Venegas says they may be beneficial in educational settings. “Schools and universities could use them in activities like reflection, criticism and discussions of various images from different periods. These are positive uses for the educational process.”

Sign up for our weekly newsletter to get more English-language news coverage from EL PAÍS USA Edition



Source link

Continue Reading
101 Comments

101 Comments

  1. Avatar

    reddit best iptv provider 2021

    June 5, 2023 at 10:04 pm

    contact us : +19032319127

  2. Avatar

    Payton Brock

    June 6, 2023 at 6:27 pm

    I very delighted to find this internet site on bing, just what I was searching for as well saved to fav

  3. Avatar

    https://globalnews.ca/news/8628402/cargo-ship-fire-atlantic-porsche-volkswagen/

    June 6, 2023 at 9:41 pm

    There is definately a lot to find out about this subject. I like all the points you made

  4. Avatar

    Larissa Braun

    June 7, 2023 at 9:58 am

    This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

  5. Avatar

    Samsun Kapalı Escort

    June 7, 2023 at 2:04 pm

    Escort Samsun ile mutlu son masajı.

  6. Avatar

    Davin Burton

    June 7, 2023 at 8:52 pm

    There is definately a lot to find out about this subject. I like all the points you made

  7. Avatar

    Israel Gomez

    June 8, 2023 at 7:33 am

    I really like reading through a post that can make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing me to comment!

  8. Avatar

    Koen Acevedo

    June 9, 2023 at 12:35 am

    I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles

  9. Avatar

    Rayan Frederick

    June 9, 2023 at 9:14 am

    Great information shared.. really enjoyed reading this post thank you author for sharing this post .. appreciated

  10. Avatar

    Dom Pogrzebowy Targówek Bródno

    June 11, 2023 at 4:15 am

    I just wanted to express my gratitude for this post. It has been immensely helpful in solving a problem I was facing. Thank you for sharing your knowledge and expertise!

  11. Avatar

    Tiffany Cole

    June 11, 2023 at 1:44 pm

    Good post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the great writing

  12. Avatar

    Mikaela Norman

    June 11, 2023 at 8:34 pm

    This post captures the essence of the topic brilliantly. It’s informative and engaging.

  13. Avatar

    Kaylynn Walls

    June 11, 2023 at 10:25 pm

    I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great content.

  14. Avatar

    Dylan Hendrix

    June 28, 2023 at 7:47 am

    Este sitio es como un oasis de calma y sabiduría en medio del ajetreo y el bullicio de la vida diaria. Gracias por proporcionar este refugio virtual.

  15. Avatar

    uPVC pipe manufacturer

    June 28, 2023 at 9:41 am

    The factory’s dedication to quality is evident in the superior performance of their HDPE pipes, which are known for their exceptional strength and durability. Elitepipe Plastic Factory

  16. Avatar

    transfer service punta cana airport

    June 29, 2023 at 5:21 am

    I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles

  17. Avatar

    cnnaus

    June 29, 2023 at 7:40 am

    Engaging and thought-provoking, I thoroughly enjoyed reading it!

  18. Avatar

    Carlee Norman

    June 29, 2023 at 9:54 am

    Gracias por compartir tantos puntos interesantes sobre este tema. Es evidente que hay una gran investigación detrás de cada publicación.

  19. Avatar

    pendik escort

    June 30, 2023 at 2:24 am

    Çok yararlı bi yazı olmuş hocam teşekkür ederim .Sizin yazılarınızı beğenerek okuyorum elinize sağlık.

  20. Avatar

    renderflow 3d visualisierungen

    June 30, 2023 at 5:37 am

    Papierpläne digitalisieren: Digitalisieren Sie Ihre Papierpläne für eine effiziente Verwendung am Computer.

  21. Avatar

    kartal escort

    July 1, 2023 at 8:52 am

    hocam gayet açıklayıcı bir yazı olmuş elinize emeğinize sağlık.

  22. Avatar

    Cody Hodges

    July 1, 2023 at 9:03 am

    very informative articles or reviews at this time.

  23. Avatar

    Jake Jackson

    July 2, 2023 at 5:29 am

    Great information shared.. really enjoyed reading this post thank you author for sharing this post .. appreciated

  24. Avatar

    pendik escort

    July 2, 2023 at 9:23 am

    Verdiginiz bilgiler için teşekkürler , güzel yazı olmuş

  25. Avatar

    Profesjonalne Tłumaczenia Warszawa

    July 2, 2023 at 11:39 am

    I just wanted to drop by and say that your post is excellent! It’s clear, concise, and filled with practical tips. Thank you for providing such valuable content!

  26. Avatar

    Davi Lima

    July 2, 2023 at 1:03 pm

    InfoMídia ZAP TURBO é a solução perfeita para quem deseja automatizar e potencializar suas estratégias de marketing no WhatsApp. Recomendo de olhos fechados! 👍

  27. Avatar

    kurtkoy escort

    July 2, 2023 at 3:48 pm

    Gerçekten detaylı ve güzel anlatım olmuş, Elinize sağlık hocam.

  28. Avatar

    Israel Gomez

    July 3, 2023 at 7:58 pm

    Very well presented. Every quote was awesome and thanks for sharing the content. Keep sharing and keep motivating others.

  29. Avatar

    kurtkoy escort

    July 3, 2023 at 9:39 pm

    çok bilgilendirici bir yazı olmuş ellerinize sağlık teşekkür ederim

  30. Avatar

    FRASES

    July 4, 2023 at 2:25 am

    Después de leer este artículo, me doy cuenta de la profundidad y el alcance de su conocimiento sobre el tema. Está lleno de información útil y práctica, presentada de manera clara y accesible. Me ha ayudado mucho en mi investigación y estoy agradecido por ello.

  31. Avatar

    Miguel Lima

    July 5, 2023 at 3:37 pm

    Acesse https://orkut.space e faça parte dessa comunidade digital que conquistou o coração de todos. 💻

  32. Avatar

    Rafael Lima

    July 5, 2023 at 3:37 pm

    Reviver é preciso! Acesse https://orkut.space e mergulhe na atmosfera mágica do Orkut Space. 🌟

  33. Avatar

    pendik escort

    July 6, 2023 at 9:39 am

    gerçekten çok yararlı bi konu teşekkürler

  34. Avatar

    frialen fittings

    July 8, 2023 at 4:11 am

    Elitepipe Plastic Factory’s fittings are designed to be user-friendly, facilitating easy installation and ensuring hassle-free maintenance throughout their lifespan. Elitepipe Plastic Factory

  35. Avatar

    Aleena Forbes

    July 8, 2023 at 10:16 am

    There is definately a lot to find out about this subject. I like all the points you made

  36. Avatar

    Itzel Kerr

    July 8, 2023 at 3:52 pm

    El diseño de su sitio web es impresionantemente eficiente y estéticamente atractivo. La interfaz amigable y la disposición intuitiva de la información demuestran un verdadero compromiso con la experiencia del usuario.

  37. Avatar

    Koen Velazquez

    July 8, 2023 at 9:24 pm

    Através do canal Estudo Cristão, tenho aprendido a importância de um relacionamento pessoal com Deus. Os vídeos me incentivam a buscar uma conexão mais profunda e íntima com o Criador. – Juliana C.

  38. Avatar

    Ricky Sanford

    July 8, 2023 at 11:23 pm

    Hi there to all, for the reason that I am genuinely keen of reading this website’s post to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant stuff.

  39. Avatar

    Laura Moran

    July 17, 2023 at 10:05 pm

    Awesome! Its genuinely remarkable post, I have got much clear idea regarding from this post

  40. Avatar

    Laura Moran

    July 18, 2023 at 12:47 am

    I very delighted to find this internet site on bing, just what I was searching for as well saved to fav

  41. Avatar

    Bryson Bullock

    July 19, 2023 at 12:49 am

    This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

  42. Avatar

    Taniya Nicholson

    July 19, 2023 at 5:25 am

    I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles

  43. Avatar

    Ricky Sanford

    July 19, 2023 at 7:11 am

    I really like reading through a post that can make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing me to comment!

  44. Avatar

    Higold Milano - divani da giardino

    July 19, 2023 at 10:19 am

    I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great content.

  45. Avatar

    kuker - forbici da potatura professionali

    July 19, 2023 at 3:56 pm

    Good post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the great writing

  46. Avatar

    بايب ايس

    July 20, 2023 at 7:10 am

    The factory’s dedication to quality is evident in the superior performance of their HDPE pipes, which are known for their exceptional strength and durability. Elitepipe Plastic Factory

  47. Avatar

    Addisyn Bell

    July 20, 2023 at 2:21 pm

    very informative articles or reviews at this time.

  48. Avatar

    Sylvia Burns

    July 23, 2023 at 7:00 pm

    I truly appreciate your technique of writing a blog. I added it to my bookmark site list and will

  49. Avatar

    Optymalizatory

    July 24, 2023 at 5:31 am

    Thank you for this outstanding post! It’s evident that you’ve put a lot of thought into it. The content is informative, engaging, and well-presented. Keep up the great work!

  50. Avatar

    kuker - Coltelli professionali

    July 24, 2023 at 9:57 pm

    Awesome! Its genuinely remarkable post, I have got much clear idea regarding from this post

  51. Avatar

    Deangelo Davidson

    July 25, 2023 at 10:52 pm

    I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great content.

  52. Avatar

    Yahir Ali

    July 25, 2023 at 11:13 pm

    Discover Peace with Calmgram’s Guided Meditations.

  53. Avatar

    Yahir Salinas

    July 26, 2023 at 5:45 am

    very informative articles or reviews at this time.

  54. Avatar

    Marcus Hensley

    July 26, 2023 at 9:58 am

    I very delighted to find this internet site on bing, just what I was searching for as well saved to fav

  55. Avatar

    Yoselin Oneal

    July 27, 2023 at 6:54 am

    What a great discovery! This website has it all in one place, making it a delightful read for first-timers like me.

  56. Avatar

    kartal escort

    July 28, 2023 at 2:50 pm

    You’re so awesome! I don’t believe I have read a single thing like that before. So great to find someone with some original thoughts on this topic. Really.. thank you for starting this up. This website is something that is needed on the internet, someone with a little originality!

  57. Avatar

    Sariah Morales

    July 29, 2023 at 8:37 am

    I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great content.

  58. Avatar

    tuzla escort

    July 29, 2023 at 9:58 pm

    I really like reading through a post that can make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing me to comment!

  59. Avatar

    Bubble Tea

    July 30, 2023 at 8:12 am

    Yazdığınız yazıdaki bilgiler altın değerinde bubble tea konusunda çok bilgi sahibi oldum çok teşekkürler bir kenara not aldım.

  60. Avatar

    Erica Barr

    July 30, 2023 at 9:54 am

    I’m genuinely thankful to the website owner for sharing such fantastic content. It’s a true gem!

  61. Avatar

    kurtkoy escort

    July 31, 2023 at 5:04 am

    Gerçekten detaylı ve güzel anlatım olmuş, Elinize sağlık hocam.

  62. Avatar

    Siberian Caviar

    July 31, 2023 at 5:18 pm

    Thank you for this informative post! It has shed light on a topic I was struggling to understand. Your writing style is engaging and the information is presented clearly. Great job!

  63. Avatar

    Kody Suarez

    August 1, 2023 at 3:03 am

    I very delighted to find this internet site on bing, just what I was searching for as well saved to fav

  64. Avatar

    Buy Google Ads Verified Account

    September 1, 2023 at 10:57 am

    Successful sharing. Thanks for your hard work.

  65. Avatar

    Pranie Materacy Kraków

    September 1, 2023 at 3:50 pm

    Your post is a goldmine of information! It’s evident that a lot of research and effort went into creating this valuable resource. Great job!

  66. Avatar

    kurtkoy escort

    September 4, 2023 at 10:55 pm

    Very well presented. Every quote was awesome and thanks for sharing the content. Keep sharing and keep motivating others.

  67. Avatar

    kurtkoy escort

    September 6, 2023 at 6:22 am

    Harika bir paylaşım, özellikle konunun önemli detayları oldukça net bir şekilde açıklanmış. İnsanları çeşitli karmaşık anahtar kelimelerle yormak yerine, okumaktan keyif alacağı içerikler her zaman daha iyidir. Kaliteli paylaşım adına teşekkür eder, paylaşımlarınızın devamını sabırsızlıkla beklerim.

  68. Avatar

    fashionViolate.COM

    September 10, 2023 at 6:24 am

    I truly appreciate your technique of writing a blog. I added it to my bookmark site list and will

  69. Avatar

    remember you forever

    September 13, 2023 at 11:52 pm

    Hi there to all, for the reason that I am genuinely keen of reading this website’s post to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant stuff.

  70. Avatar

    Finance news

    September 16, 2023 at 2:41 am

    Hi there to all, for the reason that I am genuinely keen of reading this website’s post to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant stuff.

  71. Avatar

    moviesbox.net

    December 5, 2023 at 8:36 pm

    I very delighted to find this internet site on bing, just what I was searching for as well saved to fav

  72. Avatar

    Latest WebSeries

    December 6, 2023 at 8:53 pm

    Very well presented. Every quote was awesome and thanks for sharing the content. Keep sharing and keep motivating others.

  73. Avatar

    Drama Movies

    December 7, 2023 at 5:54 pm

    I truly appreciate your technique of writing a blog. I added it to my bookmark site list and will moviesbox.net

  74. Avatar

    gastronize bardak yıkama aparatı

    December 8, 2023 at 11:09 am

    Genellikle türkçe içerikler az oluyor fakat gastronize bardak yıkama aparatı hakkında böyle güzel içerikler görmek ve okumak çok zevkli.

  75. Avatar

    Reilly Mendoza

    December 8, 2023 at 7:45 pm

    For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no uncertainty very quickly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents.

  76. Avatar

    Magazin

    December 8, 2023 at 11:31 pm

    Yazınız için teşekkürler. Bu bilgiler ışığında nice insanlar bilgilenmiş olacaktır.

  77. Avatar

    kurtkoy escort

    December 9, 2023 at 2:10 pm

    Harika bir paylaşım, özellikle konunun önemli detayları oldukça net bir şekilde açıklanmış. İnsanları çeşitli karmaşık anahtar kelimelerle yormak yerine, okumaktan keyif alacağı içerikler her zaman daha iyidir. Kaliteli paylaşım adına teşekkür eder, paylaşımlarınızın devamını sabırsızlıkla beklerim.

  78. Avatar

    Jamie Davenport

    December 10, 2023 at 8:04 am

    This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am really happy to read everthing at one place

  79. Avatar

    Game of thrones

    December 11, 2023 at 4:59 pm

    Hi there to all, for the reason that I am genuinely keen of reading this website’s post to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant stuff.

  80. Avatar

    Heidy Oliver

    December 12, 2023 at 1:33 am

    Awesome! Its genuinely remarkable post, I have got much clear idea regarding from this post

  81. Avatar

    kurtkoy escort

    December 12, 2023 at 1:54 am

    Makaleniz açıklayıcı yararlı anlaşılır olmuş ellerinize sağlık

  82. Avatar

    kartal escort

    December 12, 2023 at 1:55 am

    I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great content.

  83. Avatar

    Tiffany Cole

    December 12, 2023 at 3:06 am

    Best photo slideshow maker for Android

  84. Avatar

    laurene chasse

    December 12, 2023 at 3:36 pm

    They say kindness is the new cool. Then you must be the coolest person ever because you are always so kind! How did you learn to be such a great friend?

  85. Avatar

    download mp3 youtube

    December 13, 2023 at 4:00 am

    great articles, and also, if you want free windows or mac software, you can download from my website.

  86. Avatar

    Google Yorum Satın Al

    December 13, 2023 at 2:39 pm

    Best post #216

  87. Avatar

    Francesca Weeks

    December 13, 2023 at 3:04 pm

    Your words motivate us to continue promoting great content. We’re thrilled to link to this fantastic post on our site.

  88. Avatar

    gastronize bardak yıkama aparatı

    December 14, 2023 at 11:15 am

    Hocam detaylı bir anlatım olmuş, gastronize bardak yıkama aparatı nasıl çıkmış iyice öğrendim, eline sağlık.

  89. Avatar

    Conti International

    December 14, 2023 at 11:38 am

    Diverse film genres find a home in Conti’s thoughtfully curated portfolio.

  90. Avatar

    Bet365

    December 14, 2023 at 3:44 pm

    There is definately a lot to find out about this subject. I like all the points you made

  91. Avatar

    BetPlay Iniciar

    December 18, 2023 at 9:20 pm

    For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no uncertainty very quickly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents.

  92. Avatar

    Armando Chan

    December 19, 2023 at 6:08 am

    Good post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the great writing

  93. Avatar

    Denzel Quinn

    December 20, 2023 at 8:39 pm

    There is definately a lot to find out about this subject. I like all the points you made

  94. Avatar

    Desirae Daniel

    December 20, 2023 at 11:23 pm

    This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am really happy to read everthing at one place

  95. Avatar

    Aleena Forbes

    December 21, 2023 at 9:31 am

    Dive into the world of woodworking excellence with our newly launched website, “Woodworking Tools.”

  96. Avatar

    Davin Burton

    December 22, 2023 at 2:34 am

    I appreciate you sharing this blog post. Thanks Again. Cool.

  97. Avatar

    Crystal George

    December 22, 2023 at 2:53 am

    Make quick and precise edits to your PDF documents. Change text, fonts, and images as needed.

  98. Avatar

    Google Ads Agency

    December 22, 2023 at 10:09 am

    Best #3310

  99. Avatar

    Kaley Mejia

    December 22, 2023 at 1:47 pm

    Awesome! Its genuinely remarkable post, I have got much clear idea regarding from this post

  100. Avatar

    Ganar Dinero

    December 23, 2023 at 5:52 pm

    Hi there to all, for the reason that I am genuinely keen of reading this website’s post to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant stuff.

  101. Avatar

    Bennett Gould

    December 23, 2023 at 8:05 pm

    I appreciate you sharing this blog post. Thanks Again. Cool.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Culture

When the Navajos fooled John Ford | Culture

At the end of his career, John Ford wanted to use Cheyenne Autumn to apologize to Native Americans for the way he had treated them in his films. Shot in 1964, it was his last western. “There are two sides to every story, but for once I wanted to show their point of view. I’ve killed more Indians than Custer, Beecher and Chivington put together,” the master explained to Peter Bogdanovich in the interview book John Ford. “Let’s face it, we’ve treated them very badly — it’s a blot on our shield. We’ve cheated and robbed, killed, murdered, massacred and everything else, but they kill one white man and, God, out come the troops.”

Cheyenne Autumn recounts a historical episode in which a group of Cheyennes flee to their ancestral lands from the squalid reservation where they are confined and end up being massacred, after being tricked time and again by U.S. authorities. The problem is that Ford shot in Monument Valley, the setting for his great Westerns, which belongs to a Navajo reservation. Members of this tribe acted massively in the film, in which Mexican actors also play Native Americans. It is something that would be impossible to explain to the public today, but Ford had no choice if he wanted to shoot the film.

Of course, the Navajos who were playing Cheyennes took their revenge on the white men. Since no one but them understood Navajo on the set — a language so difficult that it was used as a secret code during World War II — instead of reading the script they decided to say whatever they wanted. They made all sorts of comments about the small size of the white officers’ penises and other nonsense during the film’s most tragic scenes. At least, that’s what an old Hollywood legend says, but John Ford made the doctrine clear at the end of The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance: “This is the West: when the legend becomes a fact, print the legend.”

Osage Indians
A historical photograph of a group of Osage natives.ilbusca (Getty Images)

Author Tony Hillerman wrote a series of noir novels set on the same Navajo reservation where Ford filmed Cheyenne Autumn, and his books serve as the basis for the terrific series Dark Winds (the two seasons can currently be seen on AMC+). In one of them, Sacred Clowns, he describes a drive-in movie theater in Gallup where Navajos used to see the film again and again. Jim Chee, one of the policemen who stars in the show, recounts that at the screening “they would honk their car horns and laugh their heads off” at what were, in theory, the most dramatic moments. And he recalls what he felt when he attended a session with a Cheyenne who didn’t understand Navajo: “In the exact same scene, he was watching the destruction of his culture. We were watching as our people laughed at the whites.”

None of this could have happened to Martin Scorsese, another director at the height of his creative powers, who tried his hand at westerns at age 81 with Killers of the Flower Moon (available on Apple TV). The Osage tribe plays an essential role in the film, which has garnered 10 Oscar nominations. Set in the 1920s, the film tells the story of how dozens of Osage were murdered with impunity to steal the property rights to their oil wells. Scorsese not only relied on numerous Native advisors to lend credibility to the film, but he also worked directly with tribal representatives. Of the 63 Native American actors in the film, 49 are Osage.

Leonardo DiCaprio and Lily Gladstone in 'Killers of the Flower Moon.'
Leonardo DiCaprio and Lily Gladstone in ‘Killers of the Flower Moon.’ Melinda Sue Gordon

Both Ford and Scorsese wanted to remember a forgotten history, buried by a vision of the past in which the roles are totally reversed — the invaders became the invaded, and vice versa. In fact, David Grann, the New Yorker journalist on whose book, Killers of the Flower Moon, Scorsese’s film is based, notes that it was precisely the will to remember something that should never have been forgotten that led him to investigate the crimes against the Osage for years. “One day in the summer of 2012, fresh from New York, where I live and work as a journalist, I visited Pawhuska for the first time hoping to find information about the murders that had occurred almost a century ago. Like most Americans, when I was in school I never read any books about these crimes; it was as if they had been erased from history. So, I started researching when I stumbled upon a reference to those events. From then on, I was consumed with the urge to solve the unanswered questions, to tie up the loose ends that the FBI investigation didn’t.”

The star of the film, Lily Gladstone, has a good chance of becoming the first Native American actress to win an Oscar. For the movie, she took lessons in Osage culture, which included the stories that ground the group’s traditions as well as the language. “There are elements in this film that just scream Osage,” Jim Gray, one of the tribal members who helped make the film, told The Harvard Gazette. “Even though 99 percent of the audience will be non-Osage and are not going to know as much about this story as we do, Osage people sitting in the audience are going to get a lot of the observances that Scorsese incorporated into the film that could only have come from collaboration with the tribe.”

Decolonizing — museums, mentalities, the vision of the past — also represents the different way in which two masters of cinema, Ford and Scorsese, faced the same problem 60 years apart: telling the story of the United States from the perspective of those who were exterminated.

Sign up for our weekly newsletter to get more English-language news coverage from EL PAÍS USA Edition

Source link

Continue Reading

Culture

Conflicted History: ‘Oppenheimer’ And Its Impact On Los Alamos And New Mexico Downwinders

‘Oppenheimer’ And Its Impact On Los Alamos And New Mexico Downwinders

The Voice Of EU | In the highly anticipated blockbuster movie, “Oppenheimer,” the life of J. Robert Oppenheimer, the man behind the first atomic bomb, is portrayed as a riveting tale of triumph and tragedy.

As the film takes center stage, it also brings to light the often-overlooked impacts on a community living downwind from the top-secret Manhattan Project testing site in southern New Mexico.

A Forgotten Legacy

While the film industry and critics praise “Oppenheimer,” a sense of frustration prevails among the residents of New Mexico’s Tularosa Basin, who continue to grapple with the consequences of the Manhattan Project. Tina Cordova, a cancer survivor and founder of the Tularosa Basin Downwinders Consortium, expresses their feelings, stating, “They invaded our lives and our lands and then they left,” referring to the scientists and military personnel who conducted secret experiments over 200 miles away from their community.

The Consortium, alongside organizations like the Union of Concerned Scientists, has been striving to raise awareness about the impact of the Manhattan Project on New Mexico’s population. Advocates emphasize the necessity of acknowledging the human cost of the Trinity Test, the first atomic blast, and other nuclear weapons activities that have affected countless lives in the state.

The Ongoing Struggle for Recognition

As film enthusiasts celebrate the drama and brilliance of “Oppenheimer,” New Mexico downwinders feel overlooked by both the U.S. government and movie producers. The federal government’s compensation program for radiation exposure still does not include these affected individuals. The government’s selection of the remote and flat Trinity Test Site, without warning residents in the surrounding areas, further added to the controversy.

Living off the land, the rural population in the Tularosa Basin had no idea that the fine ash settling on their homes and fields was a result of the world’s first atomic explosion.

The government initially attempted to cover up the incident, attributing the bright light and rumble to an explosion at a munitions dump. It was only after the U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Japan weeks later that New Mexico residents realized the magnitude of what they had witnessed.

Tracing the Fallout

According to the Manhattan Project National Historical Park, large amounts of radiation were released into the atmosphere during the Trinity Test, with fallout descending over a vast area. Some of the fallout reached as far as the Atlantic Ocean, but the greatest concentration settled approximately 30 miles from the test site.

Now I Am Become Death, the Destroyer of Worlds.

J. Robert Oppenheimer

The consequences of this catastrophic event have affected generations of New Mexicans, who still await recognition and justice for the harm caused by nuclear weapons.

A Tale of Contrasts: Los Alamos and the Legacy of Oppenheimer

As the film’s spotlight shines on the life of J. Robert Oppenheimer, a contrasting narrative unfolds in Los Alamos, more than 200 miles north of the Tularosa Basin. Los Alamos stands as a symbol of Oppenheimer’s legacy, housing one of the nation’s premier national laboratories and boasting the highest percentage of people with doctorate degrees in the U.S.

Oppenheimer’s influence is evident throughout Los Alamos, with a street bearing his name and an IPA named in his honor at a local brewery. The city embraces its scientific legacy, showcasing his handwritten notes and ID card in a museum exhibit. Los Alamos National Laboratory employees played a significant role in the film, contributing as extras and engaging in enlightening discussions during breaks.

The “Oppenheimer” Movie

Director Christopher Nolan’s perspective on the Trinity Test and its profound impact is evident in his approach to “Oppenheimer.” He has described the event as an extraordinary moment in human history and expressed his desire to immerse the audience in the pivotal moment when the button was pushed. Nolan’s dedication to bringing historical accuracy and emotional depth to the screen is evident as he draws inspiration from Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin’s Pulitzer Prize-winning book, “American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer.

For Nolan, Oppenheimer’s story is a potent blend of dreams and nightmares, capturing the complexity and consequences of the Manhattan Project. As the film reaches global audiences, it also offers a unique opportunity to raise awareness about the downwinders in New Mexico, whose lives were forever altered by the legacy of nuclear weapons testing.

The Oppenheimer Festival and Beyond

Los Alamos is determined to use the Oppenheimer Festival as an opportunity to educate visitors about the true stories behind the film’s events. The county’s “Project Oppenheimer” initiative, launched in early 2023, encompasses forums, documentaries, art installations, and exhibits that delve into the scientific contributions of the laboratory and the social implications of the Manhattan Project.

A special area during the festival will facilitate discussions about the movie, fostering a deeper understanding of the community’s history. The county aims to continue revisiting and discussing the legacy of the Manhattan Project, ensuring that the impact of this pivotal moment in history is never forgotten.

As “Oppenheimer” takes audiences on an emotional journey, it serves as a reminder that every historical event carries with it complex and multifaceted implications. The movie may celebrate the scientific achievements of the past, but it also illuminates the urgent need to recognize and address the human cost that persists to this day.


We Can’t Thank You Enough For Your Support!

— By Team VoiceOfEU.com

— For Info.: info@VoiceOfEU.com

— Anonymous Submissions: press@VoiceOfEU.com


Continue Reading

Culture

The Complex World of Cyber Warfare & Digital Battlefield

The Cyber Warfare And Digital Era

By Raza Qadri

In digital age, the world has witnessed an unprecedented rise in cyber warfare – a new frontier where nations and threat actors engage in battles beyond traditional borders. The evolution of technology has brought with it the emergence of cyber weapons and tactics, leading to a complex web of cyber espionage, attacks on critical infrastructure, and nation-state cyber operations.

As technologists, it is imperative to comprehend this rapidly evolving landscape and the challenges it poses to our global security. Here, we will explore Cyber Warfare in detail.

. Understanding Cyber Warfare

. Cyber Weapons and Tactics

. Nation-State Cyber Operations

. Spying in the Digital Age with Cyber Espionage

. Cyber Attacks on Critical Infrastructure Including Power Grids, Water Systems, and More

. Cybersecurity Measures: Safeguarding Nations against Digital Threats

. Attribution Challenges: Unmasking the Culprits Behind Cyber Offensives

. Offensive Vs. Defensive Cyber Capabilities

. The Evolution of Cyber Warfare with Past, Present, and Future Trends

. The Global Impact of Cyber Warfare — Diplomatic, Economic, and Societal Ramifications


Understanding Cyber Warfare

Cyber warfare encompasses the use of digital tools and technologies to conduct offensive and defensive operations in the virtual realm. It involves exploiting vulnerabilities in computer systems, networks, and data to achieve military or strategic objectives.

Key components of cyber warfare include hacking, malware deployment, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, and cyber espionage. The cyber battlefield extends beyond government agencies to encompass private corporations, institutions, and individuals.

Cyber Weapons and Tactics

In the arsenal of cyber warfare, sophisticated tools are employed to infiltrate and compromise target systems. Malware, such as viruses, worms, and ransomware, is utilized to disrupt operations and steal sensitive information. Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) are employed for long-term espionage, allowing attackers to remain undetected within a system for extended periods.

Additionally, social engineering techniques, such as phishing and spear-phishing, are commonly used to deceive users and gain unauthorized access.

Nation-State Cyber Operations

Nation-states have recognized the potential of cyber warfare to advance their strategic interests, leading to the proliferation of state-sponsored cyber operations. Countries invest heavily in developing cyber capabilities and often maintain specialized cyber units responsible for executing offensive operations.

Such operations can range from stealing intellectual property and sensitive information to launching disruptive attacks against adversary nations. However, attributing cyber attacks to specific countries remains a complex challenge.

Spying in the Digital Age with Cyber Espionage

One of the primary objectives of cyber warfare is espionage, where state and non-state actors seek to gather classified information and gain a competitive edge. Advanced cyber tools and techniques enable clandestine access to government, military, and corporate networks. Cyber spies operate stealthily, exfiltrating valuable data without leaving a trace. This form of espionage poses significant threats to national security and can lead to severe economic consequences.

Cyber Attacks on Critical Infrastructure Including Power Grids, Water Systems, and More

Critical infrastructure, including power grids, transportation systems, and healthcare facilities, has become prime targets for cyber attacks. Disrupting these systems can cause chaos and destabilize a nation.

Attackers exploit vulnerabilities in Industrial Control Systems (ICS) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems to gain control over infrastructure components. Securing critical infrastructure against cyber threats is crucial to safeguarding society’s basic functioning.

Cybersecurity Measures Safeguarding Nations against Digital Threats

As the cyber threat landscape intensifies, nations must strengthen their cybersecurity measures. Robust defense mechanisms, such as firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and encryption, are employed to protect networks and data from unauthorized access.

Additionally, regular security assessments, incident response plans, and cybersecurity awareness training play pivotal roles in mitigating cyber risks.

Unmasking the Culprits Behind Cyber Offensives

Identifying the perpetrators behind cyber attacks is fraught with challenges. Attackers often use sophisticated techniques to conceal their origins, employing proxy servers and compromised infrastructure. The absence of clear attribution can lead to misjudgment and further escalation of conflicts. Overcoming these challenges requires international cooperation, technical expertise, and intelligence sharing.

Offensive Vs. Defensive Cyber Capabilities

Nations must strike a delicate balance between developing offensive and defensive cyber capabilities. While offensive operations offer advantages in intelligence gathering and deterring adversaries, they can lead to retaliation and escalate tensions.

“Defensive capabilities are vital to protect national assets, infrastructure, and citizens from cyber threats. The reach of these threats is evolving at the same rate as the capabilities of not just computing, but science and even art.”

— John Elf

Striving for equilibrium is essential to avoid the perilous repercussions of unchecked cyber warfare.

The Evolution of Cyber Warfare with Past, Present, and Future Trends

Cyber warfare evolution, a critical facet of modern conflict, has seen profound evolution shaped by technological advancements and geopolitical shifts. Its origins trace back to the late 20th century with events like the Morris Worm incident in 1988, marking one of the first large-scale cyber attacks. As the internet gained prominence, cyber espionage and criminal activities burgeoned. By the late 1990s, nation-states recognized the strategic potential of cyber operations, exemplified by the Stuxnet worm in 2010, targeting Iran’s nuclear program. Presently, state-sponsored cyber operations are ubiquitous, with the SolarWinds hack of 2020 highlighting their sophistication. Ransomware attacks, typified by the Colonial Pipeline incident in 2021, pose substantial economic threats. The proliferation of advanced persistent threats (APTs) further complicates the cyber landscape, with groups like APT29 and APT28 linked to high-profile breaches.

Looking forward, the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) is poised to revolutionize cyber warfare. AI-powered attacks can adapt swiftly, evade detection, and exploit vulnerabilities with unprecedented precision. The rise of AI-driven defense mechanisms will be crucial in countering cyber threats. Quantum computing presents both promise and peril, with its computational power potentially revolutionizing cryptography, while simultaneously posing a threat to current encryption methods. Preparing for a quantum-secure cyber environment will be imperative. The evolution of cyber warfare reflects a trajectory of increasing complexity and sophistication. With geopolitical tensions and technological advancements driving this evolution, governments, organizations, and cybersecurity experts must remain vigilant. Understanding the past, present, and future trends of cyber warfare equips us to adapt to this ever-changing landscape. Embracing robust cybersecurity measures, fostering international cooperation, and investing in cutting-edge technologies will be paramount in securing our digital future.

The Global Impact of Cyber Warfare — Diplomatic, Economic, and Societal Ramifications

The ramifications of cyber warfare extend beyond the digital realm, influencing diplomatic relations, economies, and societal well-being. Nation-states engage in cyber espionage to gain geopolitical advantages, resulting in strained international relations.

Economies face significant losses due to cyber attacks on businesses and critical infrastructure. Furthermore, cyber warfare poses risks to individuals’ privacy, freedom of speech, and online safety.

Finally, we can conclude that cyber warfare has emerged as a powerful tool in the hands of state and non-state actors, with the potential to reshape global dynamics. As technologists, understanding the intricacies of cyber warfare is crucial to developing effective defenses and advocating responsible use of technology.

By collaboratively addressing the challenges posed by cyber warfare, we can safeguard the digital future and foster a secure and resilient world.


We Can’t Thank You Enough For Your Support!


By Raza Qadri | Business, science & technology contributor ‘THE VOICE OF EU’

— For more information: Info@VoiceOfEU.com

— Anonymous news submissions: Press@VoiceOfEU.com


Continue Reading

Trending

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates 
directly on your inbox.

You have Successfully Subscribed!