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Supreme Court Slaps Stay Order on Ruling Demanding Biden Re-Start Trump’s ‘Remain in Mexico’ Policy

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As part of a reversal of predecessor Donald Trump’s hardline immigration policies, shortly after assuming office President Joe Biden in June formally scrapped the “Remain in Mexico” programme, which required immigrants seeking asylum status in the US to wait in Mexico before being summoned for their hearings.

A decision demanding that the Joe Biden administration reinstate a Trump-era immigration policy has been put on hold until 11:59 p.m. 24 August by the US Supreme Court, reported CNN.

Federal district judge Matthew Kacsmaryk – an appointee of then-president Donald Trump – on Friday ruled in favor of Texas and Missouri against the Biden administration in their lawsuit over the termination of the Migrant Protection Protocols (commonly referred to as the “Remain in Mexico” policy).

The policy was to be reinstated on August 20, as it was determined that the Biden administration had violated the Administrative Procedure Act and a part of the immigration laws called Section 1225 when it cancelled Remain in Mexico in June this year.

However, the Justice Department appealed and the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit denied their request to stay the order. The Biden administration then filed a request with the Supreme Court, arguing that the district court judge’s order should be put on hold until the appeal has been heard in the 5th Circuit and, potentially, the Supreme Court.

“(A)llowing the district court’s erroneous and extraordinary injunction to take effect before this Court has been able to undertake plenary review would result in irreparable harm to the government that far outweighs any harm to respondents from a stay. MPP has been rescinded for 2.5 months, suspended for 8 months, and largely dormant for nearly 16 months,” the filing by the Biden administration read.

Now the states that are challenging Biden’s reversal of the policy requiring migrants to wait in Mexico while seeking asylum in the US are required to respond to the administration’s request by 5 p.m. Tuesday.
Mexico would have to play its part if the programme were to be revived, as it was on the receiving end of the migrants when it was in place.

In acknowledgement of that, the Fifth Circuit Court said:

“The injunction only requires good faith on the part of the United States — if the Government’s good-faith efforts to implement MPP are thwarted by Mexico, it nonetheless will be in compliance with the district court’s order, so long as it also adheres to the rest of the statutory requirements.”

‘Remain in Mexico’

The Remain in Mexico programme, dating to late 2018, was the centrepiece of the Trump administration’s efforts to deter migration to the US southern border. Donald Trump had touted it as ending “catch-and-release”, which saw migrants released into the US. Critics, however, slammed the policy as cruel and endangering migrants.
The onslaught of the COVID-19 pandemic forced the practice to be scaled back. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention granted border officials emergency powers to expel unauthorised migrants without allowing them to file for asylum.


©
REUTERS / Jose Luis Gonzalez

Migrants from Central America are detained by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents, in New Mexico

The public health order, known as Title 42, was taken up by the administration of Joe Biden after the Democrat took the Oath of Office in the wake of his triumph over Trump in the November 2020 presidential elections.

However, Biden suspended the Remain in Mexico programme on the day of his inauguration. Some 13,000 asylum-seekers previously subjected to the Remain in Mexico policy have been allowed into the US to continue their court proceedings since then, according to government data.

In June, DHS Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas signed the formal termination of the MPP rule, saying “any benefits the programme may have offered are now far outweighed by the challenges, risks, and costs that it presents”.

In April, Texas and Missouri sued the Biden administration, arguing that reversing the policy encouraged migrants and therefore fuelled the crisis at the US-Mexico border, inflicting costs on the states.

Illegal crossings on the US southern border have hit a 20-year high under Joe Biden. In July, 210,000 migrant encounters were registered on the border, according to government data, pushing the total for the previous twelve months to over 1.4 million.



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‘They see it in corridors, in bathrooms, on the bus’: UK schools’ porn crisis | Pornography

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Barnardo’s works directly with children who are victims of abuse or display signs of harmful or risky sexual behaviour. In 2020-21, they worked with 382,872 children, young people, parents and carers.

In a recent survey of their frontline workers across England and Wales, staff reported a rise in the number of children participating in acts they have seen in pornographic videos, despite feeling uncomfortable or scared. They describe porn as having a “corrosive” effect on child wellbeing.

Child sexual abuse expert Sarah works with children who are displaying signs of inappropriate sexual behaviour. She also trains other professionals who work with children

“I started out as a primary school teacher eight years ago, and I’ve been worried about children seeing porn ever since. Children don’t have to be able to type to see porn – it can be sent to them or shown to them on someone else’s phone. They see it at school, in the corridors, in the bathrooms, on the bus. There is just no censor on any of it – one video leads to another. If you can imagine it, it exists as porn, and children are seeing it.

“I am working with a teenager who was sexually abused by a family member. This young person had been exposed to porn and it was perpetuating what the abuser told them – that this is normal, that it’s not abuse.”

She is particularly concerned, as are her colleagues, about the increasingly extreme nature of the porn freely available on mainstream sites.

“A common role play theme on porn sites is intra-familial abuse – on mainstream sites you will see fetishisation of grandad and granddaughter sex, or stepfathers and stepdaughters. This may lead to a young person not disclosing or getting the support they need. From both angles it is dangerous; it puts the child at risk and encourages the perpetrator.

“The impact of porn shows in children harming others or themselves because they either don’t understand or are so ashamed of sexual urges. Shame is very prevalent and is often hidden.

“We are working with a seven-year-old who has been exposed to porn and is now displaying sexualised behaviour. They had free rein on a device, and someone hadn’t deleted a browser history. Once a young person sees porn, they may feel a need to come back again and again – porn is designed to meet a need. That is a form of sexual abuse against that child.”

Brian* is a senior social worker who has worked with children for over 30 years

“Unfortunately, porn is a feature for the majority of the children who come into our service. The children we support are very damaged. They would be likely to have experienced multiple forms of abuse – sexual, physical and domestic. Porn in and of itself is not the cause of their behaviour but it becomes a compounding factor when it hits that history of vulnerability.

Adult sex offenders can give children a distorted rationalisation for their behaviour, and the messages that are given through porn then fit with that distortion.

Lucy* has worked within the field of child sexual abuse for 16 years.

“We know children find porn distressing – they are telling us that themselves. We have done research with children in schools so that we have a cohort to compare our vulnerable children to, and they are saying the same thing.

“This is not what could be described as erotic or soft porn. They may start on porn sites and quickly begin to see very hardcore material. Or [extreme material] lands in their social media feeds, and they can then feel compelled to go back and look again.

“Children are less able to manage sexual arousal, and this material is designed to be arousing. Lots of children can feel guilty and distressed by what they see. We have 14-year-olds telling us they have to watch it as soon as they wake up. They describe being preoccupied with accessing porn to an extent that impacts upon their day-to-day life.

“We also regularly work with children with learning disabilities, another group vulnerable to the harm of porn. They may be shielded from sexual information and then reach 13 or 14 and take away the wrong learning from porn. They may learn that no means yes, that if you persist, women will enjoy forced sex. These messages are harmful for any child but for children with learning needs or who have developed unhealthy beliefs around sex as a result of abuse, it’s particularly bad.

“After lockdown, we began to get more calls from parents where there is no other obvious trauma, just the exposure to porn. I’ve been doing this 16 years, and children have far more access to porn now.”

* Names and some details have been changed to protect identities

In the UK, the NSPCC offers support to children on 0800 1111, and adults concerned about a child on 0808 800 5000. The National Association for People Abused in Childhood (Napac) offers support for adult survivors on 0808 801 0331. In the US, call or text the Childhelp abuse hotline on 800-422-4453. In Australia, children, young adults, parents and teachers can contact the Kids Helpline on 1800 55 1800, or Bravehearts on 1800 272 831, and adult survivors can contact Blue Knot Foundation on 1300 657 380. Other sources of help can be found at Child Helplines International

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French centre-right tilts toward Pécresse

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Valérie Pécresse, a moderate conservative who has likened herself to former British and German leaders Margaret Thatcher and Angela Merkel, has emerged as a front-runner in primaries in France’s centre-right Les Républicains party, Reuters reports. “I won’t flinch. I have a project for a clean break, a project for the unashamed right,” she said Thursday, ahead of elections against liberal incumbent Emmanuel Macron and far-right contenders in spring.

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Poland plans to set up register of pregnancies to report miscarriages | Poland

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Poland is planning to introduce a centralised register of pregnancies that would oblige doctors to report all pregnancies and miscarriages to the government.

The proposed register would come into effect in January 2022, a year after Poland introduced a near-total ban on abortion.

This has raised serious concerns among women’s rights activists, who believe that in light of the abortion ban, the register could be used to cause legal difficulties for women who have self-administered abortions.

The draft legislation is part of a wide-ranging project to update the medical information system in Poland.

“It’s about control, it’s about making sure that pregnancies end with birth,” Natalia Broniarczyk, an activist from Aborcyjny Dream Team told the Polish weekly Gazeta Wyborcza.

The plan prompted online protests. A social media initiative titled “I’d like to politely report that I am not pregnant” encouraged Polish women to email photos of their used sanitary pads, tampons and underwear to the Polish ministry of health.

The ministry has strongly denied the project amounts to a centralised pregnancy register, with a spokesperson saying the changes are simply part of wide-ranging digitalisation project that will update the way data about a multitude of conditions, including allergies, is stored.

The spokesperson said doctors always had information on pregnancies, but before it was stored on paper by hospitals, rather than centrally by the government.

The concerns of activists about the register grew considerably after a bill proposed by the government that would establish an “institute of family and demographics” passed first reading in the Polish parliament by one vote on Thursday.

The institute would aim to monitor family policy, pass opinion on legislation and educate citizens on the “vital role of family to the social order” and the importance of “cultural-social reproduction” in the context of marriage. The institute would have access to citizens’ personal data and prosecutorial powers in the realm of family law, prompting worries it could be used to enforce the country’s strict abortion law.

The project has drawn widespread criticism from Polish academics and civil rights advocates.

“Maybe just call it the ‘Red Center of Rachel and Leah’,” a feminist organisation from Łódź said in an Instagram post, referencing Margaret Atwood’s dystopian novel The Handmaid’s Tale. In the novel the Rachel and Leah Center is a training facility for women designated to be “breeders” by the authoritarian regime.

The committee of demographic researchers at the Polish Academy of Sciences has issued a statement expressing concerns that the “pro-natalist propaganda” would take precedent over scientific research at the institute.

“The project aims exclusively to promote traditional model of family,” Adam Bodnar, Poland’s former ombudsman for citizen rights, told the Polish news website Oko.press. “It could also become a tool against those who fall outside this model, for example those who do not conform to heteronormative norms.”



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