The photo on the back sleeve cover of Harvest is full of symbolism. Four musicians playing in a barn. Four musicians sitting with their instruments – drums, pedal steel, piano and bass – looking fearfully and expectantly at a 25-year-old man, the only band member who is standing, side-on, facing his colleagues, in a flannel shirt with long, dark hair obscuring his face: Neil Young. He is suffering from severe back pain, accentuated by the weight of a huge, white Gretsch electric guitar. The scene was set on the $500,000 (€440,000) ranch Young had bought with the money he had made after founding the band Buffalo Springfield, taking part in the super-group Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young and releasing three solo releases. He is an idealist coming to terms with his failure to be a bone fide hippy, adapting to his new status as a rich musician. The song being recorded in the barn was to be included on Harvest, Young’s most famous and biggest-selling record, an album that took a year to cut due to a pause so he could undergo surgery, a wonderfully disjointed record that was recorded in four different parts of the world, a masterpiece that 50 years later still sounds vigorous and exciting.
In 1972, Neil Young was in love with the Californian actress Carrie Snodgress. He had seen her in a movie, Diary of a Mad Housewife (1970), which earned Snodgress a Best Actress Oscar nomination and two Golden Globes. Using his status as a rising rock star, Young arranged for a note to be left in Snodgress’ dressing room while she was performing in a play in Los Angeles. It simply read: “Call Neil Young,” with a number. The actress, more in tune with Hollywood than the rock scene, had no idea who Young was. But she called anyway. They formed a powerful partnership: the rocker and the Hollywood star, lanky, scruffy, hippies with a healthy bank balance.
She moved to the ranch recently acquired by Young. In September 1972, they had a son, Zeke, who suffered from cerebral palsy. Snodgress dedicated her heart and soul to him and shelved her career. Young’s love for Snodgress and Zeke inspired two songs, Heart of Gold, his only US number one, and A Man Needs a Maid. But Harvest proved to be a torturous recording, taking almost a year from January to October, 1971. The main reason was Young’s surgery, after he had injured his back moving planks of wood on the ranch. He tried to correct the problem with a corset he wore for several months, but eventually opted to go under the knife.
Harvest’s sense of stylistic chaos is due to it being recorded in four different places: Nashville, London, Young’s California ranch and during a live concert in Los Angeles. Young had headed to Nashville to appear on The Johnny Cash Show. Always impulsive, he told music producer Elliot Mazer that he had some new songs and only needed a band to record them. Mazer found drummer Kenny Buttrey, bassist Tim Drummond and steel-guitarist Ben Keith, who would go on to form Young’s backing group, The Stray Gators. Pianist and composer Jack Nitzsche also came aboard and Keith would go on to play with Young for 37 years, until his death in 2010. The Nashville sessions reaped the gentle rock-country songs Out On The Weekend, Harvest and Heart of Gold.
“The bad time he was having of it because of the back pain and the mood swings, mainly because of the medication, meant that everyone kept their distance,” Mazer recalled in Shakey, Jimmy McDonough’s exhaustive biography of Young. Enigmatic and ruthless when dishing out emotions, Young sowed chaos with his tactics. “Neil showed the band the songs at the last minute. There was no time to rehearse. The band didn’t know the songs until the moment came to record them,” wrote McDonough. While filming The Johnny Cash Show, Young asked fellow guests singers James Taylor and Linda Ronstadt for some backing vocals. Taylor picked up Young’s banjo guitar, an instrument he had never before played in his life, and picked out a few harmonies for Old Man. That was how improvised everything was.
The songs Alabama and Words were recorded at Young’s ranch, with vocals from Crosby, Stills and Nash. They are songs that would have gone down well with Crazy Horse, the band that had worked with Young on the albums Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere (1969) and After The Gold Rush (1970), and who Young was still friendly with, although he preferred The Stray Gators.
The two songs recorded in London, A Man Needs a Maid and There’s a World, were embellished by Nitzsche’s production and the London Symphony Orchestra and sound as though they were designed for a movie soundtrack. The fourth location, Royce Hall, an auditorium on the campus of the University of California, witnessed the recording of one of Young’s most charismatic creations, The Needle and the Damage Done, one of the first songs to ever address heroin addiction so explicitly and which foreshadowed the death of Crazy Horse guitarist Danny Whitten, who overdosed in November 1972 at the age of 29.
The subject matter of Harvest is painful even though Young was in love. The singer assumes that nothing lasts forever and sentimental injuries will appear along the way. On Heart of Gold, he says he is “searching… for a heart of gold” and that he is “getting old,” a sort of lyrical self-flagellation because he believes he will never be able to offer all the love another person requires. On Old Man, he confronts his own paradox in a song dedicated to the foreman on his ranch: unlike his employee, the singer is twenty-something and rich, but always in search of comfort: “Old man, take a look at my life, I’m a lot like you. I need someone to love me the whole day through.”
In 1975, Young and Snodgress separated. She had left her acting career behind to care for Zeke but Young continued to achieve success in an industry he is still active in. But he has never again reaped a triumph to match Harvest.
Extremely violent, cruel and uncomfortable: How ‘Saw’ became a 21st century phenomenon | Culture
When Australian filmmaker James Wan defends the Saw series, his life’s work, the cornerstone of his empire, he often resorts to an intuitive gastronomic analogy. It’s not sirloin steak. It’s not steak tartar. It’s not beef entrecôte. It is a hamburger. Burgers are generously seasoned, processed pieces of meat and are usually served with large amounts of mustard and ketchup. People like them. But they are not fine dining.
Wan has always described himself as a voracious cinephile with a rather coarse palate, a consumer of gory flicks, slasher movies, giallo films and all manner of irreverent horror films, from Black Christmas (1974), Halloween (1978), The Ring (2002) and Braindead (1992) to Blood and Black Lace (1964) and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974). Privately, he has a place in his heart for Hitchcock’s Vertigo and Walt Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (I), but his influences are primarily people who are none-too-subtle and carry heavy caliber ammunition in their cartridge cases. His heroes are guys like Tobe Hoper, Mario Bava and Hideo Nakata.
That’s the film diet the Malaysian-born Australian, now 48, has consumed since he was a teenager. It’s also the kind of movie he set out to make — when he was just 20 years old and still a student at the Melbourne Institute of Technology — with his partner and friend Leigh Whannell, an enthusiast of “zombies, monsters, serial killers, grotesque and sappy horror and Hollywood action blockbusters.” As Andrea Albin recounts in a sympathetic Bloody Disgusting article, Wan and Whannell resisted the fine steaks — intellectual and auteur films — their professors and fellow students tried to get them to appreciate. But they could never stomach Godard. They always knew that their films would be raw, unadulterated fast-food cinema. And so they tried to sell that, first to a series of Australian independent production companies and eventually to Hollywood studios.
Wan and Whannell produced the first of their flicks nearly twenty years ago, in 2004. As Chris Coffel explains in the blog Film School Rejects (III), shortly after landing in Los Angeles, the twenty-something Australians won over Lions Gate, which delivered a million dollars and a couple of high-profile performers, Cary Elwes and Danny Glover, and gave them 18 days to try to turn the script they had brought back from Australia —the curious story of a homicidal maniac bent on subjecting his victims to intricate and cruel sociological experiments — into a film that was “at least palatable.”
A feast of blood and gore
Despite its intense appetite for fresh blood — it’s not suitable for the faint of heart — and meager budget, the first Saw was an overwhelming and unexpected hit that showed Wan how in tune the public was with his taste. What’s more, the movie served to revitalize a horror genre that, at the time, was at a low point and helped popularize one of the most controversial and reviled categories in the history of cinema: torture porn, which is synonymous with explicit extreme violence with an added dose of psychological cruelty.
Ross Tibs, editor of Far Out Magazine, considers the film to be “brave” and disruptive. A more than worthy product in its assumed modesty, the movie also gave cinema “a timely mix of philosophy, psychology and extreme physical violence,” thus paving the way for Eli Roth’s Hostel (2005). For Tibs, “these films brought back the logic of ‘go see it if you dare’ that had been anticipated by the most hard-core classics of horror released in the 1960s and 1970s,” from The Texas Chainsaw Massacre to I Spit on Your Grave and The Last House on the Left.
In a way, this demented ultraviolence energetically reclaimed the right to “surprise, horrify and shock” an audience that had already grown accustomed to the great contemporary horror franchises, like Nightmare on Elm Street and Friday the 13th, which were falling into self-parody and becoming increasingly bland and innocuous. The genre had become indoctrinated and was crying out for a jolt to avoid losing its immediacy and relevance. With all its virtues and flaws, Saw provided a jolt.
Of course, not all critics were taken by Wan and Whannell’s gorefest. On the contrary, reviews of the film ranged from skeptical to furious. It had plenty of detractors and found few allies in the press. David Germain of the Associated Press called it “vicious to no end,” and was outraged by its “cruelly empty” script and “clumsy” mise-en-scène, lamenting that actors of some standing like Elwes and Glover had compromised their reputations by participating in such nonsense. Germain concluded that the director and screenwriter were a pair of talentless opportunists who had attempted to dress up something that was nothing more than a degrading display of perversion and stupidity as a morality tale.
Peter Travers, of Rolling Stone, needed just three lines to pan Wan for his “creepy” display of unscrupulousness and bad taste. Mike Clark, of USA Today, felt that the film engaged in constant assaults on sanity and the most basic sense of ethics, and that it did so through “shamelessness” rather than true cinematic skill. Scott Tobias, of AV Club, considered the movie to be the epitome of imbecility, starring a “random freak pulled out of the screenwriter’s ass.”
Of the rare praise in the first reactions, The Guardian’s Peter Bradshaw, found the film to be “an unhealthy and eccentric atmosphere” worthy of cruel thrillers like Seven. In Entertainment Weekly, Owen Gleiberman chose to be condescending, observing that, beyond its nightmarish atmosphere and commitment to unadulterated physical horror, the movie had a remarkable ability to entertain the audience without insulting its intelligence (at all).
Count to ten
Two decades later, the film that Gleiberman considered to be honest in its own way — an atrocious movie without much ambition, whose success he never would have predicted — has eight sequels with earnings of between $40 million and $169 million; the franchise is about to premiere its tenth installment, Saw X, which opens on September 29. The latest installment is directed by Kevin Greutert, who also made Saw VI and served as editor on up to six of the franchise’s installments. Saw X brings back the original villain, John Kramer, also known as Jigsaw (played, once again, by the very competent Tobin Bell), the cancer patient whose resentment and excessive attachment to life have turned him into a twisted and merciless predator.
In a telling Reddit thread about what to expect from Saw X, fans of the franchise are more than willing to take the bait again and go to the cinema as enthusiastic as ever, but they have a number of conditions for the film. The first is that they don’t want “a new disciple and apprentice psychopath,” a plot device that has been abused since Kramer died at the end of the third installment. Nor would they accept “an excessive use of computer-generated visual effects” (Saw has always boasted of a certain “handcrafted” style that makes its most violent scenes particularly shocking), the introduction of paranormal phenomena or the representation of the villain “as a kind of vigilante and not as the bitter, moralistic and hypocritical individual he has always been.” If none of these things happen, they are all for the new movie.
Reading those comments, it is clear why Saw has not lost its ability to connect with its natural audience, mostly men between 18 and 25 years old. The installment has established a solid pact with its community of unconditional followers because it gives them what they want. It has understood their expectations and dedicated itself to satisfying them without denaturing the product. The red lines are clear: the coherence of characters and situations must be maintained; the violence should not be reduced, even though this particular ingredient makes it hard to accommodate in many cinemas; a certain level of verisimilitude and realism must remain, without falling into carnivalesque excesses; the sordidness and macabre humor must be retained, and, finally, while the quality of the script has deteriorated, the film must keep its ingenuity and capacity to surprise and not abuse previously used devices.
James Wan directed, co-wrote and produced the film that launched the franchise. He was also the one who made Saw 0.5, the short film — it’s just nine and a half minutes long — that started it all, now a cult classic, which was shot in a couple of days with a 16 mm camera for just over $2,000. Since then, Wan’s involvement in the franchise has been limited to participating in writing the Saw III script and serving as executive producer (along with Leigh Whannell) for all the other installments. The rest of the movies have been directed by the aforementioned Greutert and Darren Lynn Bousman, while the scripts have been written by different people, in a not-always-successful attempt to freshen things up and get ideas flowing. Saw’s creators have exercised increasingly distant quality control while embarking on other projects (Insidious, Anabelle, The Conjuring) and carrying the banner of revitalizing the horror genre in the process.
Through 2010, the Saw franchise continued its frenetic pace of releasing a new installment every year; they were always released in October to coincide with Halloween. Saw 3D, the seventh in the series, premiered as the final chapter that was set to end the story once and for all. And perhaps that would have been the case if its success at the box office (it earned $136 million and had a $17 million budget) had not made its directors reconsider the decision to kill the goose that lays the golden eggs.
Ultimately, the planned cancellation became a seven-year hiatus that served to rejuvenate the product. They launched the franchise again with Jigsaw (2017), an update directed by genre cinema’s new bluebloods, the Spierig Brothers. Jigsaw ended up following the same path as its predecessors: it garnered tepid to lousy reviews but enjoyed notable box-office success. That’s also what we can expect of the next installment of Saw, that is, unless the filmmakers have found a way to bring back our horrified amazement at Jigsaw’s first crimes.
Sign up for our weekly newsletter to get more English-language news coverage from EL PAÍS USA Edition
The Benefits Screenwriters Will Enjoy After The Strike Include Juicy Bonuses, Better Salaries & Limits On AI
From the first minute of this Wednesday, the screenwriters’ strike will become part of Hollywood history. The leaders of the screenwriters’ union, the Writers Guild of America (WGA), have ratified the agreement reached with the studios on Sunday. On Tuesday afternoon, WGA leaders endorsed the final text of the contract, putting an end to the 148 days in which the scriptwriters turned off their computers, and brought the entertainment industry to a halt.
The agreement has an estimated value of $233 million a year, a much higher figure than the $83 million that executives put on the table in the first round of negotiations. Hollywood, however, is still a couple of weeks away from returning to normal. Actors are still on strike.
The 11,500 members of the WGA will vote between October 2 and 9 on the collective contract that is on the table. The WGA’s negotiating committee made it clear it was pleased with the deal struck on Sunday, describing it as “exceptional.” Following the tentative agreement, the leaders of the organization began to explain the benefits contained in the new 94-page text, which will be in force for three years.
The deal will 5% increase writers’ basic pay in the first year of the contract’s term, 4% in the second year and 3.5% in the third. It also includes bonuses for hit shows online, and restricts the use of artificial intelligence. Now that WGA leaders have voted to recommend the tentative agreement, writers will be able to return to work, starting Wednesday.
Talk show writers are expected to be the first to return, as they were the first to walk off the job when the strike was called. These shows are set to go back on air in the first days of October.
As the scriptwriters requested, the new collective contract will offer protections against the emergence of AI in the industry. Under the deal, the tool cannot be used to write a script or rewrite a new version of one, not can it be credited as a writer instead of a human. Studios will not be able to force a screenwriter to use an AI program, such as ChatGPT, to assist with a script. The WGA will have the final say, on behalf of its members, on whether or not to allow creative materials to be used to train or develop artificial intelligence software.
The studios also agreed to a new model for residuals, the payment that is given to members of a production when a program is broadcast in a new market or platform. Under the new system, the bigger the viewership, the more a screenwriter will be paid.
This was one of the points that had stalled negotiations for weeks, as studios were adamant about not revealing audience numbers. In the new text, however, the studios will share with the union, through a confidentiality agreement, the total number of hours a title was streamed both domestically and internationally.
The new contract promises to compensate, from January 1, 2021, the screenwriters for a high-budget title that is considered a success. This is defined as any title that is viewed by 20% of domestic subscribers to a streaming service, such as Prime or Netflix, in the first 90 days of release.
Screenwriters will receive residual bonuses for series and films that meet this threshold. The bonus will be calculated with a formula that takes into account a production’s budget, the length of the series or film and the number of views. This means, for example, that writers of a widely watched TV series will pocket about $9,000 for a half-hour episode and $14,600 for an hour-long episode. For a feature film that has cost more than $30 million to produce, screenwriters can expect a bonus of $40,500.
Under the new contract, studios must also hire a minimum number of writers to develop treatments for a TV season. At least three writers will be needed for a six-episode show, while six is the minimum for a 13-episode show. Three of these writers may have the position of writer and producer.
The wins achieved by the WGA have raised the hopes of actors on strike. Currently, no negotiations are being held between the actors union SAG-AFTRA and the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP), which represents Paramount, Sony, Universal, Walt Disney, Warner Bros., the major TV networks and streaming companies such as Netflix and Apple TV, among others.
Actors continue to picket outside Hollywood studios. The WGA has not called any demonstrations since Sunday, but the group’s leadership is allowing writers to show solidarity with their colleagues on the picket line.
On Tuesday, the creator of the TV show Mad Men, writer Matthew Weiner, accompanied his friend, actor Noah Wyle, at one of the protests. “We would never have had the leverage we had if SAG had not gone out,” Weiner told AP. “They were very brave to do it.”
Meanwhile, the industry is coming under greater pressure. Striking actors voted on Monday to expand their walkout to include the lucrative video game market, which recorded nearly $35 billion in profits this year.
The threat promises to extend the wave of strikes that the United States has been experiencing. The video game companies under fire are Activision, Electronic Arts, Epic Games, Take 2, as well as the corresponding divisions of Disney and Warner Bros.
“It’s time for the video game companies to stop playing games and get serious about reaching an agreement on this contract” SAG-AFTRA President Fran Drescher said in a statement. The studios must sit down at the negotiating table if Hollywood wants to see the light at the end of the tunnel.
This Friday Is Going To Be The Busiest Day Of This Year For Moving House
Myra Butterworth paid more to move home on a Friday
Back in 2006, I was selling my third property and buying my fourth.
I knew the golden rule of not moving on a Friday.
Not only it is more expensive as it is such a popular day to move house and removal men are in high demand, but if anything goes wrong, you have less time to sort things out.
If things go wrong, you have to patiently wait for the weekend to pass and solicitors to return to their office on the Monday.
However, I still ended up trying to move on a Friday in December.
As well as starting a new job that week, I needed the weekend to settle in and it was December. Surely in the depths of winter, just before Christmas, fewer people would be moving and I could get away with moving on a Friday.
So I agreed to the long chain moving on that Friday, in the hope of getting the deal done.
However, what I forgot to factor in was Christmas parties, something my seller’s solicitor conveniently didn’t mention.
Indeed, that very morning on moving day, our solicitors and estate agents were all talking to one another, suggesting everything was on track to complete contracts and move house. My large removal van turned up to my home and the removal men started loading it up.
It was during this process, around lunchtime, that things started to go extremely quiet. I soon learnt that my vendor’s solicitor had left the office for the afternoon. Apparently, to go to his office Christmas party, I was told.
It meant that he could not confirm whether he had received my money, which was being transferred to the vendor.
At this point my vendor’s estate agent started negotiating with me so I could at least unload my removal van at what was going to be my new home.
They audaciously offered a one-hour slot to unload as much as I could, to store my items in my vendor’s property over the weekend.
This offer would cost me something to the tune of £1,500 (remember this was in 2006, which taking into account inflation is more like £2,500 today).
It also meant I had to deal with my buyer’s removal men who were just turning up to my property.
A deal was done and contracts were completed on the Monday. I hope my buyer’s solicitor didn’t have too much of a hangover during the weekend.
From YouTube to TikTok: The electoral weapons that Javier Milei has deployed in Argentina | International
Modest four-bed 1950s house in one of the last undeveloped waterfront plots in millionaire’s playground Sandbanks goes on the market for £4m
Extremely violent, cruel and uncomfortable: How ‘Saw’ became a 21st century phenomenon | Culture
NSA asks congress to reauthorize warrantless data collection • The Register
Madonna’s Last Tour: Summarizing four decades of successes, scandals & cultural milestones in two hours
7 Captivating Online Games To Supercharge Your UX Design Skills
Current6 days ago
Business Transformation Expert Talks About Mass Layoffs
Current1 week ago
Harnessing the Side-Hustle Wave: Navigating Rising Costs Through Online Selling
Culture3 days ago
Exploring The Intricate Psychology Of Horror And Fear
Culture4 days ago
Towns & Cities Facing Mortgage Meltdown As HALF The UK Is Now Paying More Than £1,000/Month, Putting Thousands At Risk Of Losing Homes
Culture4 days ago
Surge In Asylum Applications In Southern Mexico Sparks Migrant Frustration
Current4 days ago
Energize Your Property Value: The Surge In Demand For Home EV Charging Points
Culture1 week ago
2000-Years-Old Elephant Bone Unearthed In Spain Sparks Inquiry Into Its Role In Historic Battles Led By Hannibal Or Julius Caesar
Culture5 days ago
Dispelling the myth of the nanny as homewrecker: Shakira rescues the one Gerardo Piqué fired | Culture